Friday, February 12, 2016

National Lands: New York (Part 1)

Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Isl...
Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Island and Liberty Island, Manhattan, in New York County (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
New York City is known for its many attractions and the National Park Service is in charge of some of those. The National Parks of New York Harbor offers a variety of experiences for visitors. In Lower Manhattan the African Burial Ground National Monument honors those Africans who were buried in a 6.6 acre burial ground in the 1700's. Castle Clinton National Monument, which is located in southern Manhattan, was constructed to defend against a British invasion. The Statue of Liberty National Monument, which was gift to this country from France, is a favorite tourist attraction. Ferry service to the statue is available from Battery Park in Lower Manhattan and from Liberty State Park in Jersey City, New Jersey.  Ellis Island is the location where millions of immigrants were admitted into the United States. Federal Hall National Memorial is located on Wall Street. George Washington took his oath as president and the first Congress, Executive Branch and Supreme Court had offices here.

English: Vanderbilt Mansion at the Vanderbilt ...
English: Vanderbilt Mansion at the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site, in Hyde Park, New York.  (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Gateway National Recreation Area has 27,000 acres in two states. In New York this land includes various areas in Jamaica Bay and Staten Island. Visitors should check the National Park Service website for more information. The largest mausoleum in North American is the General Grant National Memorial which is on Riverside Drive at West 122nd Street. Governors Island National Monument is accessible only by ferry in New York Harbor. Castle Williams and Fort Jay provide tours and hiking trails are available. Hamilton Grange National Memorial in Harlem preserves the home of Alexander Hamilton. It is located in St. Nicholas Park. The Lower East Side Tenement Museum National Historic Site highlights the cramped living conditions faced by the immigrants when they came to this country. To the east of New York City is Fire Island National Seashore. Interstate 495 takes visitors to the area. The Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site honors the only president born in New York City.

Other places in the state of New York honor the Roosevelt family. The Sagamore Hill National Historic Site was the summer White House for President Theodore Roosevelt. The area is located on Long Island north of Interstate 495. In Buffalo is the Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site. Interstate 190 will take visitors to the downtown area. Three National Historic Sites are available in Hyde Park which is located between New York City and Albany near Interstate 87. Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site is located here. Roosevelt's home and the first U.S. Presidential Library are featured. The Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site is also in Hyde Park. This is the only national historic site dedicated to a First Lady.  Visitors can see her home of Val-Kill. The Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site offers an example of the fine architecture of the time.

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